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Diabetes mellitus types, causes, symptoms, and treament

Diabetes Mellitus is a serious and long-term metabolic disease, and millions of people worldwide suffer from this disease today. Given the severity of this disease, it is very important to treat it quickly. And today in this blog we will tell you about various methods to diagnose this disease.

Glucose is the main source of energy for cells that build muscle and tissue. It also serves as an energy source for the brain.

Diabetes mellitus types, causes, symptoms, and treament-

Introduction of diabetes mellitus-

Before knowing about diabetes mellitus treatment, types, causes and treatment, we try to understand in detail about diabetes mellitus. This happens until the disease when the body does not produce the proper amount of insulin or our body is not able to use the insulin produced properly.

Insulin is a very useful hormone produced in our body, which regulates sugar levels in our body. Without proper insulin, sugar in our blood can reach dangerous levels, causing very dangerous health complications.

Types of Diabetes Mellitus-

There are mainly four types of diabetes mellitus

  • Type-1 diabetes,
  • Type-2 diabetes,
  • Gestational Diabetes, and
  • Prediabetes.

The symptoms of Type 2, prediabetes, and pregnancy diabetes are usually not visible, but the symptoms of Type 1 diabetes are easily noticeable, and these diabetes symptoms can be quite severe.

Potentially prediabetes and gestational diabetes are also a type of diabetes, in prediabetes the level of blood in the body is higher than normal, but it is not so high that we consider it as diabetes, you can diagnose it by detecting it in time and making some changes in your daily routine and diet.

Diabetes mellitus types symptoms causes and effects

Causes of gestational diabetes mellitus

Gestational diabetes can develop in a mother when she is pregnant, but this type of diabetes goes away after the baby is born. But even then, the risk of diabetes in such women is always there, so they should also make necessary improvements in their food and routine.

Common symptoms of diabetes mellitus-

According to the NIDDK (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases), the main symptoms of diabetes mellitus are frequent urination, excessive thirst, fatigue, blurred vision, weight loss, delayed healing of the wound. But it is not necessary that these symptoms are of diabetes, they can be symptoms of any other disease.

How to diagnose diabetes mellitus-

Blood sugar test-

If the blood sugar level is 126 mg per deciliter (mg/dL) or higher in two different types of tests is an indicator of diabetes.

Oral glucose test-

We can do this test at any time of the day, before or after meals, which measures the level of glucose in the blood, according to this test, if your plasma glucose level is 200 mg/dL or more, it is a sign of diabetes.

We can also identify diabetes through urine test. Based on the tests, the doctor can make an accurate diagnosis of diabetes.

Additional issues to consider-

You should also know your family history for a correct diagnosis of diabetes ,because in many conditions the cause of diabetes can also be genetic.

What are the Causes of diabetes-

There is no single cause of diabetes but there are many causes diabetes mellitus, which we will tell you about in this blog, you should read this article with full pay the attention.

Genetics and family history-

A variety of research has shown that people in whose family have had diabetes before, the likelihood of diabetes increases several times than ordinary people. There is a high risk of Type 2 diabetes in such people. Which is the most ordinary form of this disease.

Lifestyle factors-

Nowadays, the choice of leisure lifestyle is a big cause of diabetes, earlier people used to do everything on foot or cycle, that is, they were physically very dynamic.

But today people need bike or car even in the slightest distance, in earlier times people used to roam outside the house with friends, relatives, used to go to play, used to do regular exercise, used to play outdoor games, every festival used to celebrate with great enthusiasm and enthusiasm, but today people have reduced the physical activities a lot, most people today give up their time in TV, mobile, mobile games, most people today are going to separate themselves from physical activities.

Today, people’s food has changed a lot, there was a time when people used to consume more of their home-made nutritious foods, but with the change of time, those nutritious foods have been replaced by fast food, today most people do not like home food, but they like pizza, burger, cold drinks more.

So that they are rapidly becoming obese, obesity is one of the most important causes of diabetes. Man, you yourself think when fast food is so dangerous, why consume it so much,

Do you know how many times you eat snacks, samosas, pakoras, and kachoris in the market, they cook in the same oil, that samosas, kachoris, and pakoras are fried in the same oil several times, which makes the oil thick, which becomes very deadly for the body.

Mental stress-

It has often been observed that people who have high mental stress usually become vulnerable to diabetes a little early, so always try to keep yourself free from stress.

For this, always be with people who are very happy, because being with such people can inspire you to be happy too.

Always try to keep yourself busy because when you keep yourself busy, you will not have time to think too much and you will be able to keep yourself relaxed to a great extent.

Causes of type 2 diabetes mellitus-

Obesity is a very important cause of Type 2 diabetes, the excess fat in our body, especially the fat around our belly, increases insulin resistance, including muscles, liver, and fat cells that do not use insulin properly.

So that the body has trouble controlling blood sugar in an effective way, so we have said that if you want to avoid this disease, then participate in as many physical activities as possible and consume a balanced and nutritious diet. These are an effective weapon to fight diabetes. Along with this, get used to drinking plenty of water so that the body’s waste material, urine, comes out with sweat.

Type 2 diabetes is generally more common in people over 40 years old, but nowadays children are also becoming victims.

Insulin resistance-

Insulin resistance occurs when the cells of the body begin to act as resistant to the effects of insulin, insulin is the need of our body and just think that the cells of our body are playing the role of resistant to its effects, that is, our own players are trying to defeat their own team. And this condition is often seen before the development of Type 2 diabetes. The reasons for this we have already told you above.

Causes of type 1 diabetes mellitus

Type 1 diabetes is diabetes that develops in childhood or adolescence. It is an autoimmune disease, in which the immune system of its own body accidentally destroys insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas, but the exact cause of these autoimmune causes is not yet known.

But it is believed, its genetic and environmental factors are primarily responsive.


Today, we have told you in detail about Diabetes mellitus causes, symptoms, and treatment. If you diagnose the causes and symptoms of diabetes mellitus in time, then with timely treatment, this disease will not be able to reach a dangerous situation.

Diabetes has a lot of causes, such as poor lifestyle, stress, genetic and environmental, etc.

Therefore, try to identify your family’s history of diabetes, keep yourself more mobile, free from stress by getting plenty of sleep and keeping busy, consume less fast food from work and consume more nutritious home-made food, do not let your weight gain, get used to drinking plenty of water. These are very effective measures, to avoid diabetes.


When does diabetes occur?

When glucose is in your bloodstream, it needs a source to reach the last place and insulin is the source for it, the pancreas is not able to make insulin in sufficient form, or the body is not able to use it correctly, then glucose accumulates in the blood. which we call diabetes.

Does sugar cause diabetes?

Sugar is not directly a cause of diabetes, but if you are overweight, it can also become a cause of diabetes, because if you consume more calories than necessary, you start gaining weight and weight gain is a cause of diabetes.

Can diabetes be cured?

There is no exact cure for diabetes yet, but with the right kind of treatment and routine, its symptoms are removed and individuals can lead a normal life.

Yet scientists are working in this direction. But according to NCBI (National Center of Biotechnology Information) evidence from studies of dietary restriction and Bariatric Surgery suggests that resetting metabolism may be possible to effectively cure diabetes, and research on pharmacological agents that can selectively restore energy balance is currently the most exciting prospect for future treatment for people with Type 2.

Which food is not good for diabetes?

Food consists mainly of three sources of carbohydrate, sugar, starch, and fiber. A diabetic should eat foods free of sugar and starch, but use as much fiber as possible in their food.

Is diabetes serious?

According to WHO diabetes can cause diseases related to eyes, kidneys, heart, people with diabetes have a higher risk of heart, stroke, and kidney diseases than ordinary people. In addition, diabetes also causes damage to the blood vessels of the eyes, causing the risk of vision loss.

How to reduce blood sugar?

Regular Exercise can easily control sugar by consuming more fiber food, drinking more water, controlling stress , consuming more chromium, and magnesium in food.

Can patients with diabetes also eat rice?

Patients with diabetes can also eat rice, but they should eat rice in slightly smaller quantities. Keep in mind that a cup of rice contains about 45 grams of carbs, so try adding different types of rice to your hymn.

Is apples a good diet in diabetes?

Apple is a great diet for diabetes, the fiber found in Apple can help prevent blood sugar levels from rising, fructose is more beneficial in controlling insulin levels in the blood than glucose.

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